Squamous cell carcinoma cancer can occur on many parts of the body including skin, esophagus, mouth, anus, lungs, cervix and throat. Squamous cell cancer has a tendency to spread when not treated. The symptoms of squamous cell cancer depend on location, size and grade. On the skin, squamous cell cancer may not cause any symptoms and may appear as a small ulcerated or a reddish flat lesion. Squamous cell cancer often occurs on the lower lip and may bleed. In the mouth and throat, these cancers can present with hoarseness, difficulty swallowing food and chest pain. Lung cancers may present with weight loss, coughing up blood and shortness of breath. In some cases, squamous cell cancer also occurs in non- healing open wounds.
There are several types of carcinoma skin cancer. The most common cancer of the skin is basal cell followed by squamous ceil cancer and rarest is the melanoma. Melanoma is by far the deadliest skin cancer. With all skin cancers, the biggest risk factor is prolonged skin exposure in early childhood. Skin cancers usually occur on sun exposed parts of the body like the face, neck, ears, upper arms and back. With all skin cancers there are no symptoms in the early phase and skin lesion may not be obvious. However, if ignored, the skin lesions may change in color, size or may bleed. The only sure way to confirm diagnosis of a carcinoma skin cancer is biopsy.
There are several type of carcinoma lung cancer. Why only 10% of smokers develop lung cancers is a mystery. The lung cancers may present with a small bump on lung tissue which may be identified on an incidental chest x ray. However by and large, the majority of people who have lung cancer are diagnosed late because there are no specific symptoms or screening tests. By the time symptoms appear, the lung cancer has most likely spread. The most common symptoms of a lung cancer include weight loss, general malaise, shortness of breath, coughing up blood and chest discomfort. The treatment of carcinoma lung cancer is surgery but when the cancer has spread, chemotherapy is an option.
Basal cell carcinoma skin cancer is the most common malignancy of skin. Usually these cancers occur on the face, nose and ears. The lesions appear as pearly bumps or look shiny and have central crater. Basal cell cancer is not painful and unlike other cancers does not spread. It is also the one cancer which can be effectively treated but has a high rate of recurrence. Basal cell carcinoma skin cancer can be treated with laser, freezing, topical medications, surgery or moh’s surgery. Squamous cell carcinoma cancer when small is also treated in the same way as basal cell cancer.